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Server-Side Rendering

For lower-level control over the rendering process, you can use the dioxus-ssr crate directly. This can be useful when integrating with a web framework that dioxus-fullstack does not support, or pre-rendering pages.

Setup

For this guide, we're going to show how to use Dioxus SSR with Axum.

Make sure you have Rust and Cargo installed, and then create a new project:

cargo new --bin demo
cd demo

Add Dioxus and the ssr renderer as dependencies:

cargo add dioxus@0.5.0
cargo add dioxus-ssr@0.5.0

Next, add all the Axum dependencies. This will be different if you're using a different Web Framework

cargo add tokio --features full
cargo add axum

Your dependencies should look roughly like this:

[dependencies]
axum = "0.7"
dioxus = { version = "*" }
dioxus-ssr = { version = "*" }
tokio = { version = "1.15.0", features = ["full"] }

Now, set up your Axum app to respond on an endpoint.

use axum::{response::Html, routing::get, Router};
use dioxus::prelude::*;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let listener = tokio::net::TcpListener::bind("127.0.0.1:3000")
        .await
        .unwrap();

    println!("listening on http://127.0.0.1:3000");

    axum::serve(
        listener,
        Router::new()
            .route("/", get(app_endpoint))
            .into_make_service(),
    )
    .await
    .unwrap();
}

And then add our endpoint. We can either render rsx! directly:

async fn app_endpoint() -> Html<String> {
    // render the rsx! macro to HTML
    Html(dioxus_ssr::render_element(rsx! { div { "hello world!" } }))
}

Or we can render VirtualDoms.

async fn app_endpoint() -> Html<String> {
    // create a component that renders a div with the text "hello world"
    fn app() -> Element {
        rsx! { div { "hello world" } }
    }
    // create a VirtualDom with the app component
    let mut app = VirtualDom::new(app);
    // rebuild the VirtualDom before rendering
    app.rebuild_in_place();

    // render the VirtualDom to HTML
    Html(dioxus_ssr::render(&app))
}

Multithreaded Support

The Dioxus VirtualDom, sadly, is not currently Send. Internally, we use quite a bit of interior mutability which is not thread-safe. When working with web frameworks that require Send, it is possible to render a VirtualDom immediately to a String – but you cannot hold the VirtualDom across an await point. For retained-state SSR (essentially LiveView), you'll need to spawn a VirtualDom on its own thread and communicate with it via channels or create a pool of VirtualDoms. You might notice that you cannot hold the VirtualDom across an await point. Because Dioxus is currently not ThreadSafe, it must remain on the thread it started. We are working on loosening this requirement.